30th Generation


793787620. King William "The Conqueror" 1st of England was born on 14 October 1024 in Calais, Calvados, France. He died on 9 September 1087 at the age of 62 in St. Gervais, Priory, Rouen, France. He was buried in Abbey of St.Stephen, Caen, Calvados, France.

The Battle of Hastings 1066 and much more...
A brief of the events that led to our great heritage.
Duke William of Normandy left St. Valery in Normandy with about 600 ships and 10-12,000 men on Sept 27th in 1066.

William and his barons had been recruiting and preparing the invasion of England since early spring of that year. He was a seasoned general and master tactician, using cavalry, archers and infantry and had fought many notable battles. Off Beachy Head, his ship, the Mora, arrived ahead of the fleet.. William waited and ate a hearty breakfast. As his fleet straggled into place behind him they moved eastward to the first sheltered bay to provide protection for his armada. Pevensey and Bulverhythe were the villages on each promontory. Pevensey, to the west, was protected by an old Roman Fort and behind the fort there was much flat acreage to house his large Army. To suggest this landing was not pre-planned, is not in keeping with the preparatory time taken by William, or his track record. There had been much intelligence gathering in the past few months.

The bay, wide enough for maneuverability of this large fleet, was flat shored. William is said to have fallen on the beach, grasped the sand, and declared "This is my country" or words to that effect. Next, the ships were disembarked without resistance. They included 2,500 horses, prefabricated forts, and the materiel and equipment was prepared for any contingency. The ships shuttled in and out of the bay with the precision of a D Day landing. A Fort was built inside Pevensey Roman Fort as an H.Q, while the army camped behind it. William and FitzOsborn scouted the land He was unhappy with the terrain but it had proved to be a satisfactory landing beach. Taking his army around Pevensey Bay he camped 8 miles to the east, north of what is now known as Hastings all of which was most likely pre-planned. He camped to the east outside the friendly territory of the Norman Monks of Fecamp who may have been alerted and were waiting for his probable arrival. William waited. Perhaps he was waiting to know of the outcome of the battle to the north. In those two weeks William could have marched on London and taken it. He was obviously waiting for something?

Harold, far to the north in York at Stamford Bridge, was engaged in a life and death struggle against his brother who had teamed up with the Viking King Hadrada to invade England. Whether this was a planned Norman tactic, part of a pincer movement north and south, is not known, but students of Norman and Viking history might find it very feasible. The timing of each invasion was impeccable, and probably less than coincidental. Harold managed to resist the invasion to the north and killed both commanders. He was advised of the landing to the south by William.

Bringing the remnants of his Army south, Harold camped outside London at Waltham. For two weeks he gathered reinforcements, and exchanged taunts, threats and counterclaims to the Crown of England with William. Finally he moved his army south to a position about six miles north of where William waited.

Perhaps one of the most devastating events preceding the battle was Harold's sudden awareness that he had been excommunicated by the Pope, and that William was wearing the papal ring. It is most likely this had been arranged by fellow Norman Robert Guiscard who had conquered most of southern Italy and was patron of the Pope who was indebted to him for saving the Vatican. Harold's spirit flagged. William was leading what might perhaps by called the first Crusade. The whole world was against Harold.

William moved up to Harold's position and set up in what was then the conventional European style. Archers, infantry and cavalry in the rear. A set piece, each assigned to their own duties. .

Harold waited. He and his brother Gyrth arranged a mass of men along a high ground ridge 8 deep, 800 yards long . A fixed corridor of tightly wedged humanity. Strategically, given the relative equipment of each side, it was hopeless from the start. To William it was almost a formality. Harold's men were hemmed in by their own elbows. William, with total mobility, held his Breton, Maine and Anjou contingents to the left of the line, the Normans the main thrust, the Flemish and French to his right. The flanking movements paid off. How long the battle took has varying estimates. Some say as little as two hours. Some as long as six hours. The latter seems more reasonable simply because of the numbers involved.

This battle would later be called Senlac, a river of blood. It demolished most of the remnants of the Saxon fighting men of the Island at very little cost to William.

It is very doubtful if Harold was shot in the eye with an arrow from over the ranks of his front line. He was probably run through by William's lance, accompanied by three others who were in at the kill, and who savaged him brutally.

Thus began a three century Norman occupation of England, Wales and Scotland, and later Ireland.

"William The Conqueror". Defeated the Saxon army at Hastings. Norman invasion is detailed in the Bayeux Tapestry. Domesday survey begun. Matilda of Flanders, Queen of England and King William "The Conqueror" 1st of England were married in 1053 in Castle of Angi, Normandy, France.

793787621. Matilda of Flanders, Queen of England was born about 1031 in of FL, France. She died on 2 November 1083 at the age of 52 in Caen, Calvados, France. She was buried in Church of The Holy Trinity, Caen, Calvados, France. Our Noble & Gentle Families of Royal Descent Together with Their Paternal Ancestry by Joseph Foster p 178 1884 Edition:

Ridipath's Histories

Burk's Landed Gentry

Gareth Rice

per RIN 2105

Children were:

i.

Duke Robert 3rd was born in 1051 in Normandy, France. He died on 10 February 1134 at the age of 83 in Cardiff, Glamorgan, Wales.

ii.

Prince Richard of England was born about 1054 in Normandy, France. He died in 1081 at the age of 27 in New Forest, Hampshire, England.

iii.

Cecilia was born about 1055 in Normandy, France. She died on 30 July 1126 at the age of 71 in Caen, Calvados, France.

iv.

Princess Margaret of England was born in 1059 in Normandy, France.

v.

Prince Rufus William 2nd, King of England was born about 1060 in Normandy, France. He died on 1 August 1100 at the age of 40 in New Forest, Hampshire, England. He reigned 1087 - 1100. Died hunting in the New Forest when an arrow struck him in the eye.

vi.

Princess Constance of England was born in 1061 in Normandy, France. She died on 13 August 1090 at the age of 29 in England.

vii.

Princess Alice Adela of England was born about 1062 in Normandy, France. She died on 8 March 1138 at the age of 76 in Marsigny, France. The Noble Lineage of the Delaware West Family by Anne Fox 1958;

viii.

Princess Gundred of England was born about 1063 in Normandy, France. She died on 27 May 1085 at the age of 22 in Castle Acre, Norfolk, England.

ix.

Princess Matilda Agatha of England was born about 1064 in Normandy, France.

x.

Princess Anna of England was born about 1066 in Normandy, France.

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xi.

King Henry 1st-4001.