Twelfth Generation

3970. Anthony Colby187 was christened on 8 September 1605 in Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. He died on 11 February 1660/1 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Anthony COLBY was christened/baptized on 8 SEP 1605 in Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. He immigrated on 29 MAR 1630 from England to America. He took the Freeman Oath of the Massachusetts Bay Company in MAY 1634 in Massachusetts. He died on 11 FEB 1660 at Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. He estate was inventoried on 9 MAR 1660 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts.

Estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury

Inventory of the estate of Anthony Collby, late of Salisbury, deceased, taken Mar. 9 1660, by Sam. Hall, Tho. Bradbury and Tho. Barnett: His waring Apparrell, £2. 10s.; 1 feather bed & bolster & old Cotten Rugg, a payer of course sheets & a course bed case, £4. 15s.; one old warming pan, 3s. 4d.; an other feather bed, feather pillow, feather bolster & a payer of sheets & Cotten Rugg, £4. 10s.; about £8. of sheeps wooll, 10s 8d.; five pound of cotton wooll, 5s.; £10. of Hopps, 6s. 8d.; a copp. kettle & a payer of tramells £1.; a little old brass skillett & old morter & pestle, 3s 4d.; trayes & other dary ware, 15s.; a landiron, gridiron, frying pan, old cob iron, 5s.; in old peuter, 3s 4d.; 4 scythes, 8s.; 2 pillow beers, 3s.; table, two joynstooles, 2 chayres, £1.; old swords & 2 old muskets, £1.; one chest & one box, 10s.; an old saddle & a pillion, 10s.; old lumber, 10s.; a grindle stone with an Iron handle, 3s. 4d.; a new millsaw & 1-2 an old one, £1.; a croscutt saw & half a one, £1.; a broad bow, 3 forkes, a rake, 2 axes & an Iron Spade, 12s.; 5 yoakes, 10s.; 2 Iron cheynes, 10s.; halfe a tymber cheine & a new draft cheyne, £1. 15s.; an old tumbrill with an old payer of wheeles, £1.; 2 sleades, £1.; a long cart & wheels & Spanshakle & pin 4th pt. of and other cart, £2.; a plough & plough Irons, 10s.; 2 Canoas & 1-2 a canoa, £3. 15s.; 6 oxen, £42.; 6 Cowes, £27.; 2 3 yeare old steers, £7.; 2 Yearlins, £3.; 2 calves, £1.; 7 swine, £5. 5s.; 8 sheep, £4.; 1 mare & colt, £20.; 1 horse, 10s.; a dwelling house & barne & 14 acres of upland in tillage, £70.; a pasture of about 30 acres, £20. 2 lotts att yt wch is cald Mr. Hall's Farme, £5. 10s.; about eighteen acres of fresh meadow, £40.; ye accoodacon bought of Mr. Groome, £6.; 60 acres of upland towards pentuctt bounds with meadow to be laid out, £10.; ye 8th pt. of ye old saw mill, £30.; 40 bushells of wheat, £9.; 10 bushels of barley & 6 of rice, £3. 4s.; about 60 bushels of Indian corne, £9.; total, £359. 19s. 4d. Copied from the files of the Norfolk county court records, and sworn to by the widow Colby, Tho. Bradbury, rec.

Anthony Colby, debtor: To Sam. Worcester, £1. 7s.; Willi Osgood, £2. 9d.; Goodman Tappin, £1. 2s. 6d.; Abram Morrill, £2. 10s. 10d.; John Tod, 10s.; Tho. Clarke, 9s.; Mr. Russell of Charlstown, £10.; Mr. Gerish, £5. 8s. 6d.; Mr. Woodman, £2. 14s.; Jno. Bartlett, £2. 2s. 1d.; Steven Sweat, £2. 5s. 5d.; John Webster, 13s.; Steven Greenleif, 13s.; Goodman Peirce, 10s.; Goodman Cillick, £3.; Jno. Lewis, £1. 10s.; Orland Bagly, £5. 19s.; Jno. Blower, 6s.; Mr. Worcester, £1. 13s. 6d.; Mr. Bradbury, 16s. 9d.; to the widow Colby, £10.; Henry Jaques, £2. 10s.; Willi. Huntington, 11s.; John Severans, £1. 13s. 8d.; Jno. Clough for grass, 6s.; for 9 weeks worke, £8. 2s.; total, £68. 14s. 7d. Debtor p Contra: Rodger Eastman, 10s.; Robert Clements, £1. 5s.; from ye town, 9s.; Jno. Maxfield, £2.; Leonard Hatherlee, £1.; Sam. Worcester, 14s. 6d.; Goodman Morrill, £1. 10s.; Steven Flanders, 6s.; Goodman Randall, 6s.; boards at ye saw mill, £3. 7s. 6d.; loggs to make 2000 of bord, £2. 5s.; for work done to ye estate, £1. 2s. 6d.; total £14. 15s. 6d.

Norfolk Co. Quarterly Cout Files, vol. 1, leaf 33.

The division of the estate of Anthony Colby of Salisbury, late deceased, made by Tho. Bradbury and Robert Pike, Apr. 9, 1661, by order of the county court held at Salisbury. To ye widdow for hir part & the two youngest children: ye dwelling house, barne and 14 acres of upland in tillage, £70.; ye ferric meadow, £30.; ye household goods, £19. 19s. 4d.; a yoake of Oxen, £14.; 3 Cowes, £13. 10s.; 7 Swine, £5. 5s.; in sheep, £2. 10s.; in Corne, £21. 4s.; the boggie meadow, £10. To John Colby: an acre of land aded to his halfe acre at his house, £2. 16s.; two cheyns, 10s.; a yoake of oxen £15. 10s.; Mr. Groom's accomodacons, £6.; in sheep, £1. 10s.; a cart & wheels, span, shackle & pin & ye 4th pt. of another cart. £2. To Sarah, ye wife of Orlando Bagly: one Cowe & one 3 yeere old steere, £8.; a young horse, £10.; another Cowe, £4. 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, £5. 16s. More payd by Isaac Colby to Orlando Bagly for ye which the estate was debtor. £5. 19s. 8d. To Samuell Colby: one yoade of oxen, £13.; the pasture, £20. To Isaac Colby: the eleven lotts of marshe at Mr. Hal's farme, 2 lotts of sweepage & one higledee pigeledee lot, £9. 10s.; 2 yearlins, £3.; ye part of ye saw mill, £30. To Rebecka Colby: a Cowe, one 3 year old steere & ye mare colt, £14.; two Calves, £1.; a bed & bolster, £4. 10s.; p. Isaac Colby, £2. 11s.; p. Sam. Colby, £5. 4s.; in corne, 11s. This division was consented to by the widow Colby and all the children who were of capacity. Confirmed by the Norfolk county court at Salisbury, 14:2:1663, and recorded by Tho. Bradbury, rec.

Norfolk Co. Quarterly Court Files, vol. 1, leaf 34.

Upon the petition of Susanna Whittredge formerly Colbie the Ipswich court Mar. 28, 1682 granted her power with the advice of Samuell Colbie and Thomas Colbie to sell enough of the estate left in her hands by her former husband for her necessary support in her old age, not exceeding the value of two of the parts or shares which the coutr Apr. 9, 1661 allotted to her for her part of the estate.

Petition of Thomas Challis, Orlando Bagly, Ephraim Weed and Ebenezer Blasdell for some part of the estate of their grandfather Anthony Collby formerly of Salisbury left in the hands of their grandmother Susanna widow of Anthony, administratrix to his estate, afterward Susanna Whithredg, deceased: the Court Ordered the division of the estate Apr. 9, 1661, and it was allowed 14: 2m: 1663. Also such of us as have married the daughters of John Collby, deceased, eldest son of said Anthony and Susanna, hath letters of administration granted him unto the estate of Susanna Whithredg, deceased, and hath exhibited a large account of debt from the estate and also he designeth a further application for liberty for alienation of more of said estate.

We address ourselves to the court :where we think we ought for ye interposing & improvement of yt authority for ye prevention of ye evacuation of yt estate whereunto we have right (as we think) out of half gills or gills, and ye exhausting & wasting thereof by such embezelling trifles," also crave you advice whereby we may be orderly possessed of our rights. Dated Sept. 28, 1698.

Citation of Samuell Coleby to appear before Jonathan Corwin, Esq., at the house of Mr. Frances Elles to take administration on the remaining estate of Anthoney Coleby of Amesbury, deceased. Dated Salem, Nov. 16 1699,

Said citation read to Samuell Colby Nov 18, 1699 by Ebenezer Blasdell, Constable of Amesbury.

Essex Co. Probate Files, Docket 5,896


He has Ancestral File Number 8JDC-NK. He was a Sawmill owner. He has more notes. #1.
In the Boston church records, John Boswell is second in the following sequence of names: Anthony Chaulby, John Boswell, Joseph Reading, Garrett Hadden. In the Massachusetts Bay lists of freemen, John Bosworth is fourth in this sequence: Jerad Hadden, Joseph Redding, Anthony Colby, John Bosworth.

Examination of the other three men in these groupings reveals some interesting parallels:
1) Colby, Haddon and Redding all moved from Boston to Cambridge by 1633 [CaTR 5].

2) Colby moved next to Ipswich (1637) and then Salisbury (1640); Haddon moved next to Salisbury; Redding moved next to Ipswich (1639).

3) All three were single men in 1630: Colby married about 1633, Haddon married about 1639, Redding married about 1640.

The grouping of these four men in 1630 and 1634, and the concerted migrations of the three survivors, suggest that the four were associated in some way. The gap between church admission in 1630 and freemanship in 1634 suggests that they may not yet have been twenty-one in 1630, and this is supported by the approximate dates of marriage. Taken together, these facts and suggestions indicate that JOHN BOSWELL/BOSWORTH, ANTHONY COLBY, GARRETT HADDON and JOSEPH REDDING came to New England as servants, and were perhaps all from the same part of England.

A survey of the members of the Winthrop Fleet produces one man who settled first in Boston, then moved to Cambridge and on to Ipswich, and who was wealthy enough to have brought four servants with him - SIMON BRADSTREET. As a working hypothesis, then, we propose that this grouping of four young men were from the vicinity of Simon Bradstreet's home at Horbling, Lincolnshire, and came to New England in 1630 in his service.

The Great Migration Begins


He has more notes. #2.
The following NGSQ article is quoted in it's entirety:


By John G. Hunt*

"It is tempting to seize hold of a trans-Atlantic personage of noble descent as our own ancestor, simply because he bore the same baptismal name and surname as were borne by our known first ancestor to land in America. The science of genealogy would benefit if we were actuated more by a desire to determine what is provable, than by a wish to aspire to noble ancestry.

In this connection, let us examine what appears to be an unwarranted claim to royal ancestry. In "Living Descendants of Blood Royal, 4:757 (reviewed in the "Quarterly" 59:316-7), Count d' Angerville printed a line of descent from King Edward I for Anthony (1) Colby of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630. It claims that Anthony was the fourth son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby of Beccles, Suffolk, and Roos Hall, and cites the evidence as a "pedigree of family of Colby of Brundich and Beccles, College of Arms, extracted by an officer of the College for Colonel Ordway, 1967."

What is the basis for asserting that the Anthony Colby who came to Massachusetts by September 1633 is the same Anthony who was son of Thomas of Beccles? Frederick Lewis Weis, "The Colby Family (Concord, Mass., 1970), page 3, shows that Anthony (1) Colby was born in 1595. If so, he cannot have been son of Beatrix and Thomas, for the will of Thomas was dated in June 1588 and proved 22 November 1588. (1)

Moreover, there has been cited nowhere any indication that Anthony (1) Colby was a member of the gentry. His name was not given the prefix "Mr." in usage during his lifetime, as far as can be determined. As the late Donald Lines Jacobus used to insist, it would have been contrary to normal usage for a member of the gentry to have shown up in America without being accorded to style "Mr."

Contrary to alleged royal descent, there is nothing in the Banks manuscripts that justifies any supposition that Anthony (1) Colby descended from the Colby family of Beccles. Indeed, Colonel Banks supposed that the New England settler was akin to one Anthony Colby of Aswardby, Lincolnshire, six miles from Sempringham, home of the earl of Lincoln, and of Thomas Dudley, and five miles from Horbling, the home of Bradstreet.

Each time such unsupported pedigrees are printed, the cause of genealogy receives a setback. The burden of proof lies upon those claiming a royal ancestry for Anthony (1) Colby. Claimants must cite parish register entries, wills, and/or other sound evidence."

*821 North Jackson Street, Arlington, Virginia 22201

"(1). P.C.C. 9 Leicester, abstracted in Col. Banks' MSS, vol. I (A through C), pp. 236-241, in Rare Book Room, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Note: The late Col. Frederick Ira Ordway, Jr., of Washington, D.C., contributor of the lineage to the Counde d' Angerville's compendium, was offered an opportunity to provide a rebuttal to the above article, but was unable to cite any documentary evidence in support of the lineage. -Editor"

Number 2, pp. 263-264.

He has more notes. #3.
Colby Family

Anthony Colby. There was an ancient Colby family in Banham, Norfolk Co., Eng. The ancestor of one branch was Sir John Colby, Kt., of Swarson [Swardeston], Norfolk. A pedigree of some of his descendants is printed on p. 82 of "The Visitations of Norfolk, 1563, 1589, and 1613," Harl. Soc. Pub., 1891. One of the seventh generation, named Anthony Colby, died without issue. His nephew, Christopher Colby, son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Greene) Colby (Edward, William, Thomas, Robert, John, John), is the eldest son of a family of eleven children, with whose names the pedigree ends. No dates are given, nor any means of determining from which of the three visitations the pedigree was taken. They were combined about 1620. There is a Colby parish in Norfolk, and a Coleby one in Lincoln.

"Lincolnshire Pedigrees," Harl. Soc. Pub., 1904, contains a pedigree of the Thorold family of Marston. On p. 983 is a Christopher Colby of Grantham, who m. Anne Thorold. They had children: Thomas Anthony, Markham, and Helen Colby, who were legatees of their aunt, Elizabeth Thorold, who d. unm. in 1616. Anne (Thorold) Colby had a brother and a grandfather both named Sir Anthony Thorold, Kt. The brother was high sheriff of Co. Lincoln in 1617. This Christopher Colby of Grantham (Co. Lincoln) may have been the son of Thomas of Banham, Norfolk, named without comment in the pedigree quoted above; but proof has not been found.

Anthony Colby, son of Christopher and Anne, must have been b. as early as 1595 to be executor of the will of another aunt, Mary Thorold, who d. unm. in 1615. This Anthony Colby was therefore b. about the same time as Anthony Colby of Salisbury, Mass., but here, again, proof of identity is lacking. The names Thomas and Anthony are repeated early in this country, but not Christopher, Markham, Anne, or Helen.

James W. Colby, in his "History of the Colby Family," Waltham, Mass., 1895, states that Anthony of Salisbury, b. 1690, was son of Thomas of Beccles, Suffolk, Eng. He carries the ancestry back through Suffolk families, probably descended from John, who disappears from the Norfolk pedigree, eldest son of John of Banham, Norfolk, grandson of Sir John, and brother of Robert; but gives no authority. He carries the Norfolk line much further back than Sir John, to Robert de Colebi. He gives Colby families in other parts of England, and gives the ancestry of Christopher as we have it above; but states that he was living in 1616 and left no issue. The "Visitations" quoted above make no such statement. Mr. Colby omits entirely the Thorold-Colby line, which includes an Anthony Colby who may have been b. in 1690 (Note: probably 1590).

It is probable that the Suffolk family is a branch of the Norfolk line; but it is doubtful if the connection Mr. Colby gives is correct. If we understand his arrangement, he makes the ancestry of Anthony of Salisbury as follows: Sir John, John of Banham, John d. 1459, John of Brundish (Suffolk) d. 1540(?), Thomas of Beccles, will 1588, Anthony, b. 1590. It is not often that a son dies 81 years later than his father, and if a man's will was probated in 1588, he could not have a son b. in 1590. Mr. Colby gives a Christopher of this branch, an uncle of Anthony of Salisbury. Could he have been the husband of Anne Thorold? Six generations seem too few. If the Christopher of Banham and Grantham were the same, the son Anthony would be of the ninth generation.

The Suffolk "Visitation" of 1664, published in 1910, gives a later pedigree, showing the Rev. Thomas Colby, son of Thomas and brother of Christopher settled in Cawston, Norfolk, and had a son, John of Waltham, Suffolk, in 1664.

SOURCE: "Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury" by David W. Hoyt, Vol III p. 1059-1060.

Emigrated to America in 1630 with the Puritans, part of the Winthrop Fleet.

Comment 1.

Colby is a place name deriving from the parish of Coleby, which lies seventeen miles northwest of Semperingham, and six miles south of Lincoln. There is also a parish of Colby in Norfolk, next to Beccles, and it too seems to have been the source of a quite unrelated Colby clan. There are also villages called Colby in Westmoreland, in Yorkshire, and one in Denmark.
The name is of Viking origin and means coal place. There are a number of places in England containing Cole, such as Coleridge, Colclough, and Colebrook. The by- suffix is the Viking word meaning homestead or farm. Thus, Coleby was probably a farmstead where charcoal was made in ancient times by Viking settlers.

Comment 2.

Anthony Colby, was the founder of the Colby family in New England. He was born about 1605 at Horbling, Lincolnshire, England. Horbling is next to Semperingham where his Colby ancestors had lived for several generations. He was apparently named for his uncle Anthony Jackson.

Anthony came to America in the Spring of 1630, with the "Winthorp Fleet". Their first home was in the disputed territory between Cambridge and Watertown which was given to Cambridge in 1632, and was on the road to Mount Auburn close by the river.

In 1633, on the second Sabbath that Rev. John Cotton preached, he baptized his own son Seaborn Cotton and John Colby, son of Anthony.

Anthony built a second house near the Washington Elm and a third one near the Fresh Pond. He was admitted freeman in Cambridge in 1634. Three years later, he appeared in Ipswich, and three years after that in Salisbury. He was among the first settlers of the latter town. Together, the men (Jared Haddon) joined the church in Charlestown and took the freeman's oath in Cambridge on 14 May 1634. Together lay their house lots at East Salisbury and when Jared sold his homestead in 1644 and built in what is now Amesbury, Anthony bought the lot adjoining and came with his family. On this land he at last settled down to make a permanent home. He received additional lots of land from the divisions in 1643, 1654, and 1658.

In 1640, he was appointed an appraiser for the government and in 1651 was elected a selectman.

He died Feb. 11, 1660, aged about 54 years.

Anthony Colby seems to have been always at odds with the leaders in town affairs and was often in controversy, legal or personal, with the authorities. Once he was fined for making a speech in town meeting on the ground that he had created a disturbance. He worked incessantly to have the new settlement at Amesbury set off from Salisbury as a town. The fight was carried on after his death by his sons, and the separation was finally accomplished in 1666.

He was an industrious man, and in spite of moving every few years and in spite of many children, he became one of the largest property holders in Amesbury. His lots included: Back River, Fox Island, Lion's Mouth, Great Swamp, Hampton, River, Whiskers Hill, and lots from the third and fourth divisions. His inventory set a value of 359 pounds sterling upon his property.

The old house was on the southwest side of Main St. which leads from Amesbury Center to the Merrimac and was the seventh from Bartlett's Corner. Here is the well described in Whittier's poem, "The Captain's Well". The well was dug by a grandson of the daughter Mary.

The year after Anthony's death, the widow sold to her son Isaac, sixty acres near Haverhill to pay for her board. From the public divisions she received land in 1662 and 1664. In the latter year she married William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester. he died in 1669. In the meantime, she had had to defend her homestead against the claim of Thomas Macy from whom it had been purchased. At about the time of the sale, Macy had fled to Nantucket to escape the penalty of sheltering two Quakers during a thunderstorm, but later he denied the sale and tried to expel the widow and her family by legal process. He was unsuccessful and the premises were in the possession of her descendants as late as 1895. In 1678, the son Thomas was deeded half of all the lands remaining in consideration of services rendered the widow, and in 1682, the homestead was deeded to her son Samuel, who cared for her during the infirmities of old age.

The widow lived until July 8, 1689.

Comment 3.

Noted in "The Great Migration Begins" 1996, New England Historical and Genealogical Society, pages 413-416 He died on Feb 11 1660 in Amesbury, Ma.
BIO: Left London (Isle of Wright) in March of 1630 with more than 400 others arrived on ship Arbella at Boston. Lived on shipboard 4 months before housing could be made. In Boston, Ipswich, Salisbury & Amesbury. Noted as "planter", received land in the 'first division' in 1640 and '43; one of the first commoners of Amesbury, where he received land in 1654 and 1658, and his widow , in his right, in '62 and '64. Was church member in Boston, living Cambridge 1632, affirmed freeman oath 14 May 1634; at Ipswich 1637; Sometimes printed as "Arthur" He was married to Susannah (Colby) about 1632 in Boston, Ma (?).

Extract from The American Genealogist
Whole number 202 Vol. 51, No 2
April 1975

Anthony Colby’s Purported Ancestry
By Glade Ian Nelson

James W. Colby’s frequently unreliable ‘Colby family History’, published in 1895, is the basis for the statement that Anthony Colby of Massachusetts Bay Colony was the son of Thomas Colby, Esquire, by his second wife Beatrice Felton of Beccles, Co. Suffolk, England. Since the printing of that volume, this relationship has been repeated in many other publications with elaboration’s upon the various royal personages which fill the ancestral pedigrees of the Colby and Felton families. Most recently it has appeared in Michel L. Call, ‘Royal Ancestors of some L.D.S. Families’ (Salt Lake City: 1972), and in Count d’Angerville, ‘Living Descendants of Blood Royal’, vol. 4. While the first book is so error-filled as to make it completely untrustworthy to any serious student of royal genealogies, the second does contain some lineage’s of merit. To the discredit of both authors they fail their readers by not giving documentary source material or references for data contained in their books. It should not be too surprising, therefore, that the claim of the Massachusetts immigrant, Anthony Colby, as the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby is without substantiation and most likely completely fallacious. Certain lineage societies have rather blindly accepted this lineage in the past and, I presume, continue to do so. (See Langston and Buck, ‘Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne’s Descendants’, Vol. ii (1974), p. 96--Ed.). Therefore, in order to correct this purported parentage and to warn those who might be tempted to accept the questionable lineage, the following information is presented.

Anthony Colby came to New England probably with the Winthorp Fleet in 1630 for in that year he was of Boston and recorded as a church member. He was of Cambridge as early as 1632 when he owned land and buildings there, and was still there when, on 14 May 1634, he took the oath of "freeman" before the General Court in Boston. About 1637 he moved to the settlement at Ipswich, but soon thereafter moved on to Salisbury, then called Colchester, where he received land in the first division of 1639. Additional grants of land were given to him by the town of Salisbury in 1640 and 1643. Anthony Colby was one of the original settlers of the "newtown", now called Amesbury, where he was made a commoner on 19 March 1654, receiving a grant of land there in that same year as well as grants in subsequent years.
(1) He died intestate, 11 Feb. 1660/1, in Salisbury, Mass., and the inventory was taken on 9 March 1660/1, (2) with the division made 9 April 1661.
(3) Although as early as 1939, information concerning the identity of Anthony Colby’s wife was printed by Donald Lines Jacobus,
(4) many errors have since been printed concerning her. Mr. Jacobus clearly pointed out that Anthony Colby married after coming to New England, probably between 1630 and 1632, the widow Susannah Waterman of Boston, Mass. She married, thirdly, about 1663-4, William Whitridge, a carpenter from Gloucester who died 5 Dec. 1668, leaving her a widow for the third time. Susannah died 8 July 1689 in Salisbury, Mass. Various accounts state her maiden name to have been Haddon and make her either a sister or daughter of William Sargent, and still others ascribe her to her the name Nutting. None of these claims, however, is substantiated by documented evidence, leaving her maiden name unknown. (5) Anthony and Susannah Colby had the following children: (6)
i. John, bapt. 8 Sept.1633, Boston, Mass., d 11 Feb 1673/4; m. Salisbury, 14 Jan 1655/6, Frances Hoyt.
ii. Sarah, b. 6 March 1634/5, Cambridge, Mass.; m. 6 March 1653/4, Orlando Bagley.
iii. Child, b. ca.1637, prob. Ipswich, Mass.; may have d. y. (Savage states here were four children older than Isaac. which is the basis for the inclusion of this unnamed child).
iv. Samuel, b. ca. 1638, Ipswich, d. 1716; m. Elizabeth Sargent.
v. Isaac, b. 6 July 1640, Salisbury, d. by 1691; m. Martha Parratt.
vi. Rebecca, b. 11 March 1643, Salisbury, d. by 1673; m. Haverhill, Mass., 9 Sept 1661, John Williams.
vii. Mary, b. 19 Sept 1647, Salisbury; m. Amesbury, 25 Sept. 1668, William Sargent.
viii. Thomas, b. 8 March 1650/1, Salisbury; estate inventory taken 31 March 1691; m. 16 Sept 1674, Hannah Rowell.

Examination of English Colby records sheds light on the problem at hand. The 1612 Visitation of Suffolk contains the family of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby as "Thomas, son and heir; Charles, second son, obit; John, obit; Anthony; Edmond, obit; Philip; Francis; Huntington; Beatrice, mar to Edmond Thurston of Colchester; Mary, mar. to John Copuldyke of Kirby in suff.; Penelope, mar. to Sir Walter Aston in Chesh.; Katherin, unm." (7) Thus it can be seen that there was a son Anthony belonging to this family. However, justification for rejecting him as the immigrant Anthony is substantial, as will be further explained.

Thomas Colby of Beccles, co. Suffolk, England, wrote his will 8 June 1588 and it was proved that same year at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. (8) In this will Thomas referred to "Beatrice my well beloved wife" to whom he gave all his manors for life as well as other items. He then bequeathed to his "son Thomas from and after the decease of my wife all my manors. . ." Provision was made that should the son Thomas die without legal heirs, the lands were to be entailed to his other living sons, Anthony, Edmond, Philip, Francis and Huntington, in that order. Concerning these last five sons mention is made of a distribution of an annual rent in the sum of 9 pounds and 6 shillings to each of the sons from a farm in Brundish, co. Suffolk, that "eache and every of them shall begin to receyve their saide annuitic or portion at twentie years of age untill whiche time I will and devise that my executors shall putt the saide money during their minorities or manage to the only profit and bringing upp of my said sonnes in vertu good education and bearinge. . ." Thomas also mentioned "my thre (sic) daughters and the child whiche my wife is at the making. . . at their age of twentie yeares or at their severall dayes of marriage. . ." Thomas made his son Thomas and his brother-in-law Anthony Felton executors of his will, with his brother Francis Colby as supervisor.

The children of Thomas and Beatrice (with approximate birth years based on the best documentation available) were: (9)
i. Thomas, b. ca. 1566; m. Brundish, 1599, Amy Brampton; lived in Brundish where six of their children were baptized, with two additional children mentioned in the 1612 visitation of Suffolk.
ii. Charles, 2nd son, b. ca. 1568; appears only in the 1612 Suffolk Visitation as already deceased; not mentioned in father’s will in 1588 nor in that of Uncle Francis in 1599.
iii. Beatrice, b. ca. 1570; under 20 years of age in 1588 when her father’s will was made; m. Edmond Thurston of Colchester; her unnamed children are referred to in her brother Philip’s will in 1643.
iv. John, 3rd son, b. ca. 1572; mentioned only as deceased in the 1612 Visitation; not mentioned in the wills of his father (1588 or Uncle Francis (1599)
v. Anthony, 4th son, b. ca. 1574; erroneously claimed as the New England immigrant.
vi. Mary, b. ca. 1576, m. 1598 in Beccles, John Copuldyke of Kirby, Suffolk.
vii. Edmond, 5th son, b. ca. 1578; mentioned in will of his father (1588) and in his Uncle’s (1599), but listed in the 1612 Visitation of Suffolk as already deceased.
viii. Philip, 6th son, b. ca. 1580; m. 1609 in Beccles, Lady Dorothy
(Bacon) Gawdy, daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knt. and widow of Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy, Bart. She d. 1621 at age 47. Philip’s will in 1643 mentioned only one daughter. This will, referred to later on, contains additional valuable information concerning his
brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces.
ix. Penelope. b. ca. 1582, m. Sir Walter Aston; mentioned in brother Philip’s will as "my loveing sister ye Lady Aston."
x. Francis, 7th son, b. ca. 1584; m. 1610 in Beccles, Margaret Sampson, daughter and coheir of George Sampson of Sampson’s Hall, Kersey, Suffolk; gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Prince Henry. Francis and Margaret had one son Hertford aged 1 in the 1612
xi. Huntington, 8th son, b. ca. 1586; knighted 28 Nov. 1616.
xii. Katherine, b. shortly after her father’s will (1588) in which he refers to "the child whiche my wife is at the making." Unmarried when the 1612 Visitation was recorded.

The Anthony Colby living in Beccles, England, son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby, as has been pointed out, was under 20 years of age in 1588 when his father made his will. His eldest brother Thomas was the only one of the family not designated as under age. Consequently Thomas’s birth year cannot be placed later than 1568 and was probably just one or two years before that date. The Visitation of Suffolk taken in 1561 (10) indicated the father as then married to Ursella, Lady Brend, his first wife. Therefore, Thomas’s second marriage, to Beatrice Felton, occurred subsequent to 1561. The 1612 Visitation of Suffolk lists the children of Thomas and Beatrice, listing Anthony as the fourth of their eight sons along with four daughters. Other listings of the brothers follow the same basic position of Anthony as fourth son. Given this information, and knowing all of Thomas and Beatrice’s children were born between 1561 and 1588, their son Anthony’s birth year can be approximated as 1574. Certainly a few years variance is possible, one way or the other, but reason dictates it cannot be placed earlier than 1570 nor later than 1579. If this was the Anthony Colby who came to New England in 1630, he would then have been at least 50 years of age! That by itself would not be too astounding, but his next feat, marriage to a young, recent widow who had the attractive attribute of owning property and not under the necessity of making an undesirable marriage arrangement, certainly would have been. (11) Next, this Anthony would have sired at least eight children, the last arriving when he was at least 70 years of age. For this to be the case, the wife Susannah would have had to be at least twenty years his junior. While not biologically impossible, these accomplishments are not very probable. Their improbability is further accentuated by a knowledge of what the immigrant Anthony did after coming to New England.

In the old Norfolk County, Mass., records, (12) can be found an agreement made 4 Nov. 1658 between Willi: Osgood, Phillip Challis, William Barnes, Anthony Colby and Sam’ll Worcester, copartners, present possessors of a saw mill situated in Salisbury. David W. Hoyt in his work, ‘Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury,’ (13) presents information concerning each of these men. According to Hoyt’s records, William Osgood was born about 1609 and hence would have been about 49 years of age in 1658. Philip Challis, according to his own deposition, was born in 1617, and therefore 41 years of age in 1658. William Barnes would have been born between 1605 and 1615, as his children are recorded as born from about 1640 to 1653; his age then in 1658 would have been between 43 and 53, say 48 as a compromise. Samuel Worcester was first married in 1659 when he was about thirty, placing his birth about 1629. Compare these ages of 49, 41, 48 and 29, with the 78 years of the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby. The wording of the sawmill agreement is such as to make it seem that all were able-bodied men who would be personally laboring at the mill. For a man of 78 this would have been difficult, even if in excellent health. Association of a elderly man with men of middle years might be reasonable if he had superior financial capacity, but this does not seem to have been present to the advantage of Anthony Colby. The total value of his estate when appraised just three years later was only li 359, of which li 185 was in real estate and the remainder in various sundry personal goods. (14) of interest also is the fact that the inventory contained several items belonging to the saw mill and its activities. The logical conclusion that must be reached is that the Anthony Colby associated with the saw mill in 1658 was not in his late seventies, and therefore could not have been the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby of Beccles, England.

The most enlightening information concerning his comes from the will of his brother Philip. (15) This will, made and proved in 1643, mentions, among others, two of his sisters, two of his brothers and seven nephews and nieces, including:

Item I doe give into my brother Mr. Anthony Colby in present moneys xx li and doe give & confirm unto him his anuity or porsion being ffive pounds by ye yeare during the terme of his naturall life, payable at hollowmas and candlemas.

Item I doe give unto his sonne Thomas Colby three score pounds to be payd unto him within one yeare next after my decease.

This document is important because (1 it mentions Philip’s brother Anthony with no hint whatever that he was not residing in England, thirteen years after the American Anthony had arrived in New England, and (2 it show that Anthony had a son Thomas in 1643 also presumably living in England. It would have been very unusual for Philip not to make provision for sending Anthony’s "ffive pounds by ye yeare during the term of his natural life" twice yearly, if this money was to have been transported to the New World! Failure to make such a provision is further indication that two Anthonys are involved. The second item quoted shows that Anthony had a son Thomas in 1643 who was to receive a substantial legacy within one year after his uncle Philip’s death. An examination of the American Anthony’s family, as presented earlier, indicates that his son Thomas was not born until 1650, with only sons John, Samuel and Isaac in 1643! Furthermore, none of the American Colbys would have been anywhere near their majority when the will was written. Had Philip’s nephew Thomas then been a minor, provision would certainly have been made for supervision of his legacy monies until a specified age was attained. In fact, this is exactly what Philip did with two of his three grandchildren with legacies to become due and payable when the grandchildren reached the ages of 16 and 14, respectively. The logical conclusion to be reached, again, is that Philip’s brother Anthony was not the same person as the Amesbury Anthony.

While use of the given name Anthony in the Beccles Colby family does provide a valuable clue as to the immigrant’s possible ancestry, the Beccles branch of the Colby family had no monopoly of this Christian name. Edward Colbye, Gentleman, Of Banham, co. Norfolk, wrote his will 31 March 1580, proved 17 May 1580, (16) in which he named, among others his wife Elizabeth, daughter Alice and sons Thomas, Francis, Anthony and Edward. The Banham parish registers contain the baptismal records of Edward (28 Jan 1560) and Thomas (14 Sept. 1561), (17) but not those of Alice, Francis and Anthony. There seems to have been a break in the Banham registers from about 1565 to about 1580, and their births probably occurred during this time. This Anthony could logically be estimated as born about 1568, making him even older than the Beccles Anthony. The Colby family of Banham, co. Norfolk, and that of Beccles, co. Suffolk, were branches of the same family, sharing common ancestry. It can be seen that the name Anthony was known in both branches at least one generation before the American Anthony came to New England.

Furthermore, two other contemporary Anthony Colbys can be located in England. In 1622, Elizabeth Colby, singlewoman of Matshell (Mattinshall?) , co. Norfolk, made a nuncupative will in which she left the majority of her goods to "Anthoney Collby my brother Also his wife"(18) but as Thomas and Beatrice did not have a daughter Elizabeth, this must be another Anthony, especially in light of the significant distance. The parish registers of St. Nicholas, Ipswich, Suffolk, (19) contain the baptismal record on 29 April 1597 of Richard, son of Anthony Colby. The burials of this church show in 1604 -

29 Aug. John Colby
Richard Colby fratres
Ralph Davy
31 Aug Anthony Colby pater

The only similarity between the immigrant and the son of Thomas and Beatrice was the given name. However, other Anthony’s located in England, without any additional documentation, have just as valid a claim to be the New England immigrant. Further research into source material in Suffolk and Norfolk may reveal the parentage of the immigrant to New England who now has a large posterity in America, including the author of this article. Nevertheless, until documentation is forthcoming, the parentage of Anthony Colby of Amesbury must be regarded as unknown *, and the previously accepted connection with the son of Thomas and Beatrice (Felton) Colby must be discarded.

SOURCES: (1) Mary Lovering Holman, Ancestry of Charles Stinson Pillsbury and John Sargent Pillsbury (Concord, N.H., 1938), pp. 137 f.;
(2) David W. Hoyt, Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Mass. (Providence, R.I., 1897), 1:103 f.
(3) Norfolk County Quarterly Court files 1:33.
(4) Ibid. p. 24
(5) Donald Lines Jacobus, The Waterman Family (New Haven 1939), 1:8.
(6) Holman, op. Cit.; Belle Preston, Bassett-Preston Ancestors (New Haven 1930), pp. 66 f.
(7) Holman, op. Cit. Hoyt, op. Cit.
(8) Walter C. Metcalfe, ed., Visitations of Suffolk (Exeter 1882), p. 127.
(9) Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Wills 1588 9 Leicester.
(10) Metcalfe, op. Cit., pp.17 f., 127; Brundish Parish Registers; Prerogative Court of Canterbury: Wills 1588 9 Leicester (will of Thomas Colby), 1599 94 Kidd (will of Francis Colby); Episcopal Consistory Court of Norwich, Wills 1642, f. 77 (will of Philip Colby; Boyd’s Marriage Index: Suffolk, vols. 1, 4, 7; Visitations of Norfolk in the year 1563 (Norwich 1878-1895), 1:97, 2:493 f.
(11) Metcalfe, op. Cit.
(12) Jacobus, op. Cit.
(13) Essex Institute Hist. Coll. 60 (1924) pp. 149 f:
(14) Hoyt, op. Cit.
(15) Probate Records of Essex County, Mass. (1916), 1, 1635-1664, pp. 407-410.
(16) Episcopal Consistory Court of Norwich, Wills 1642, f. 77.
(17) Ibid. 1580.
(18) Banham Parish Registers.
(19) Archdeaconry of Norfolk, Wills, 1622, f. 53.
(20) St. Nicholas, Ipswich, Parish Registers.

* The ancestry of Anthony has been found in recent years and he is from Horbling, Lincolnshire, England.

Comment #4

All I can do is pass on the information printed in "The Great Migration Begins".

Page 416 states:
Associations: His association with John Bosworth, Garrett Haddon and Joseph Redding implies that he may have been a servant of Simon Bradstreet. This strongly supports the suggestion of John B. Threlfall that the Anthony Colby baptized at Horbling, Lincolnshire, was the immigrant (GMC50 123).

COMMENTS: Earlier writers erroneously placed Anthony Colby's origin in Beccles, Suffolkshire, but in 1975 Glade Ian Nelson showed that the Beccles Anthony was still in England long after the immigrant was settled in the Massachusetts Bay (TAG 51:65-71). More recently John B. Threlfall made what appears to be the correct identification in Horbling, Lincolnshire GMC50 123). Anthony Colby was not at that time and in that area as rare a name as one might think, so the simple appearance of a baptism at about the right time is in itself not sufficient evidence. But the occurrence of a baptism in Horbling, the home of Simon Bradstreet, who seems to be indirectly connected with Colby, makes this very likely the correct solution to the problem. The identity of Susannah ______ is one of the peerennial mysteries of the period. Several authors have suggested that Susannah's maiden name was Hadden, given that Colby and Garrett Haddon were neighbors and associates. Others have suggested that she was the daughter of William Sargent, and others that she was a Nutting, all without support. Her identity is currently unknown. Among other defects to be found in the literature regarding Colby and his family, there is no obvious reason why Savage said there were four children earlier than Isaac and no support has been found for Sarah's birthdate given by Waterman.

Anthony Colbby was ordered to build four rods of fence around the common lands in Cambridge in a list dated 2 January 1632/3 (but probably from a year or two later) (CaTR 5).

At Salem Court on 3 Oct 1637 "Anthony Colebie" of Ipswich sued John Hall of Saugus (EQC 1:6).

William Osgood and the other pert-time owners of the the old mill at Salisbury were brought to task for failing to pay the town its share of lumber agreed upon in return for allowing the mill to be built on Salisbury land. Osgood had to sue the heirs of the other owners, including "Susan Whitrige, administratrix of Anthony Colbye," to recover boards for Salisbury, which he did at court September Term, 1682. Among the depositions establishing the number of boards due were several describing immigration into Essex County, such as that of John Pressy "aged about fourty-four years, testified that the first summer he came into this country, in 1651...I do well remember the saw mill at Salisbury was one thing that was accounted a rare thing and I did go see it and I did see it going and sawing boards that very summer" (EQC 8:250, 373-75)

EQC = Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County,
Massachusetts, 1636-1686, 9 volumes (Salem 1911-1975)
GMC50 = John Brooks Threlfall, Fifty Great Migration Colonists to New
England & their Origins (Madison, Wisconsin, 1990)
TAG = The American Genealogist, Volume 9 to present (1932+)
CaTR = The records of the Town of Cambridge (formerly Newtowne)
Massachusetts, 1630-1703.....(Cambridge 1901)

SOURCES: (1) "The Great Migration Begins", Vol. I. by Robert C. Anderson, 1995 pages, 186-187, 413-416; (2) "Fifty Great Migration Colonists to N.E." by John W.Threfall,1990, pages 122-148; (3) "National Genealogical Society Quarterly", Jun 1974, Vol 62, "Anthony Colby of MA", by John Hunt; (4) "New England Historical and Genealogical Register" Apr 1997, Vol. CXLI: Apr 1987. pg. 104-107, "Disproved Royal Descendants."; (5) "The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury Massachusetts" by David W. Hoyt; (6) "The Colby Family in Early America" by Frederick L. Weis.


See Will notes for his father Thomas Colby.

10 December 1625 - the will of THOMAS COLBIE of Horbling, county of Lincoln, taylor, sick of body.... to my five sons William Colbie, Richard Colbie, Anthony Colbie, Mathew Colbie and Robert Colbie half of my goods to be equally divided amongst them, but my will is that my son William Colbie shall have my house at Dinnington for part of his portion of goods aforesaid, which cose me eight pound... if nay of these sons die before age 21 at which time the legacies shall be due unto them, then his or their shares to be divided amongst the overlivers. Residue to wife Agnes Colbie whom I make executrix.
Robert Allen supervisor.
Wienesses; Robert Allen. Thomas Baxter.
Signed by mark. Proved 21 April 1626.

In March 1636/7, an assessment was made for expenses of repairing the church at Horbling. Thirty seven names were listed. William Colby, who had a small stock of animals, must have been the older brother. The widow Colby must have been their mother. Robert was mentioned for having been paid for some work. Nowhere is there any mention of Anthony or Matthew after their father's will of 1625. Possibly both of these brothers left for America with the Winthrop Fleet in 1630, but if so, there is no trace of Matthew. His fate will probable remain a mystery. As for Anthony, he is surely the one who went to New England in 1630. All the other know contemporary Anthony Colbys in Old England can be eliminated from consideration for one reason or another."

"Assessment agreed upon the fifth of March 1636 for the church wardens for the repairing of the church of Horbling and other duties by us whose names are here under written - Mathias Browne, William Stringer, John Hardie, with others. Every horse 7d., every beast 7d., and every score of sheep 2s 4d.

William Coulbe 1453s.6d.
Widow Coulby 1503s.6d."

(Ref.: Lincoln Consistory Court Wills - 1626/292) Susanna Haddon and Anthony Colby were married in 1631/2 in Boston, Massachusetts (Suffolk).

3971. Susanna Haddon187 was born in 1610 in London, Middlesex, England. She died on 8 July 1689 at the age of 79 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Name: "The Colby Family in Early America," by Frederick L. Weis, pg 3.
1st MARR: "Fifty Great Miagration Colonist to New England & Their Origins," by
John B. Threlfall, pg 123.
3rd: MARR: Same as above pg 124.
!She was a widow when she married Anthony Colby. Her first husband was
..?..Waterman. After the death of her second husband Anthony Colby, she
married William Whitridge of Amesbury.
1993 IGI says her maiden name was Haddon.
Weis in "The Colby Family in Early America", say her name was perhaps Haddon.
Death: "Fifty Great Migration Colonist to New England & Their Origins, " by
John B. Threlfall, pg 124.

Children were:


John Colby187 was born before 8 September 1633 in Boston, Massachusetts (Suffolk).300 He was christened on 8 September 1633 in Boston, Massachusetts (Suffolk). He died on 6 February 1673/4 at the age of 40 in Amesbury, Massachusetts (Essex). John Colby was a planter at Amesbury, where he was granted land in 1658, 1659, 1662, 1666 and 1668. He was granted thirty acres in 1658.

John entered a suit against the town of Salisbury, in the Old Norfolk Co. court, at Salisbury, claiming that he was a possessor of the estate of Mr. Samuel Groom in Salisbury, purchased by his father, Anthony Colby, decd.; and that he (John) was entitled to a townsman's rights on account of Groom. As John had been admitted a townsman 8 or 10 years before, the case was decided in favor of the town, Oct 1663.

John Colby's name heads a list of seventeen signatures on a petition presented to the Court at Hampton, in October, 1671, by "divers of the Inhabitants and souldiers of the towne & military company of Amsbery" that they may continue "under the Conduct of or loveing friend & neighbour John Hoyt, senr, our chosen and established sergeant & chief military officer here." (Weis, 1970; Hoyt, 1857)

"John Clough of Salisbury, house carpenter, for a 25-acre lot of upland, today conveyed to me by Isaac Colby of Haverhill, planter, conveyed to Jn Colby of Amsbery, planter, a 2-acre division of salt marsh in Salisbury at Mr. Hall's farm, formerly of Mr. Sam Groome, and I bought it of said Isaac Colby, bounded by Richard Singletary, (not in possession of said Cllough), Willi: Osgood and Tho: Hauxworth, Aug 29, 1671. Wit: Tho: Bradbury and William Bradbury, Ack. in court at Salisbury April 8, 1673. John Hoyt, jr., of Amsberie, planter, wife Mary, for 15 pounds, conveyed to Jn Easman of Salisbury, planter, 30 acres of upland in Amsbery, bounded by grantee (formerly John Colby), Robert Jones, a highway and a brook called ye back river yt runs into ye pond, --, 1669. Ack. in court at Salisbury April 8, 1673.

John Hoyt, jr. of Amsbery, house carpenter, conveyed to John Colby of Amsbery a 4-acre marsh lot in Salisbury bouth by Willi: Barnes of Mr. Samuell Hall then of Salisbury, and by him given to me, bounded by George Martyn, Sam Felloes, Jn Eaton, Jn Ilsley and Tho: Barnard, March 25, 1672. Wit: Jeremiah Hubbard and Tho: Barnard. Ack. March 25, 1672, before Samuell Dalton, commissioner. His wife, Mary Hoyt, released dower same day."
"John Colby of Amsbery, planter, for 20 pounds, conveyed to John Easman of Salisbury, planter, my 30-acre lot of upland in Amsbery, bounded by John Hoyt, jr., Edmond Elliott, highway, and a brook called back river (yt leads to ye pond), May 11, 1669. Wife Frances Colby (her X mark) signed. Wit: tho: Bradbury and William Hooke. Ack. by grantor and his wife frances, who released dower, May 11, 1669, before Robert Pike, commissioner."

"Old Norfolk County Records, Vol. VII. 1903, pg. 89. "The Essex Antiquarian."

"Frances Colby (her + mark) of Amsbury, widow, executrix of her late husband John Colby of Amsbury, deceased, conveyed to Richard Dole of Nubery a 4-acre meadow or marsh lot in Salisbury, bought of Mr. Sam Hall then of Salisbury by William Barnes, who gave it to John Hoyt, jr., who sold it to the deceased, bounded by George Martyn, Sam Felloes, John Eaton, John Ilsly and Tho: Barnaard, april 15, 1674. Wit: Daniel Ela, steven Greenleafe and Nath Clarke. Ack. April 15, 1674, before Nath Saltonstall, commissioner."

Vol XII, 1908, pg. 84

"Will of John Colby of amsbery, dated Jan. 22, 1673-4. To my tow sons. To my wife Frances my dwelling house, land, orchard, etc. To my eldest son John Colby (minor), who is to remain with his mother, 1/2 of ye Grooms lot of meadow in ye higledee pigledes, in Salisbury, between ye lots of John Dickison and William Buswell. To my youngest son Thomas Colby (minor) my two lots of land in ye great plain, -- one lot bought of Edward Goue, and the other I had of my father Colby, -- and 1/2 of said Groom's lot.

To my eldest daughter Sarah Colby my little pasture lying by ye Pawwaus riverside, which I bought of my brother Sam Colby, and my now dwelling house, orchard, etc. To my daughters Elizabeth and Frances Coleby (under 20 years of age). To my daughters Mary and Hannah Coleby (under 23 years of age and unmarried). My wife, executrix, Overseers, my trusty friends my brother Sam Colby of Haverhill and Thomas Barnard, jr., of amesbury. Part of his father Colby's estate, after the decease of his mother, Susannah Whitredg. Wit: John Hoyt, sr., (his H mark) and Thomas Wells.

Inventory of estate of Joh Colby of amsbury, deceased, 6: 12 mo: 1674-4, appraised by William Barnes (his > mark) and Tho: Barnard, sr., of amsbury 2: 1 mo: 1673-4. Amount £234, 4 s. (real 170 pounds; personal 64 pounds, 4 s.). House, land, etc., by Pawwaus river, land at Bugmore, in ye great plain, in ye Lyon's mouth, Groom's lot, meadow in ye lower highlede piglede, bible, arms, spinning wheels, etc. Sworn to by Frances Colby, executrix."

Vol. XII 1908, pg. 84-85

"William Sargent, jr., of amsberrie, planter, conveyed to Jn Hoyt, jr., of Amsberrie, house carpenter, 5 acres of land in aplace called the plain falls, bounded by a highway. John Colby, John Coleby and widow Rowell: also, 8 acres of upland in ye ox pasture, bounded by Tho: Barnard, sr., a highway, ye great swamp and Jarrett Haddon, May 18, 1670. Wit: Thomas Rowell and Louis Decamp. Ack. March 10, 1673-4, before Robert Pike, commissioner.

"John colby of Eamesbury, planter, for £10, 10 s., conveyed to Jn Hoyt, jr., of Eamesbery, carpenter, my 8-acre higgledee pigledee lot in ye Lyons mouth, in Eamsbery, bounded by widow rowell, grantee, a highway and great swamp, March 25, 1671-2. Wit: Jermiah Hubbard and tho: Barnard. Ack. March 25, 1672, before Sam Dalton, commissioner."

Vol XII, 1908, pg. 178-179

John Colby's name heads a list of seventeen signatures on a petition presented to the Court at Hampton, in October, 1671, by "divers of the Inhabitants and souldiers of the towne and military company of Amsbery" that they may continue "under the conduct of our loving friend and neighbour John Hoyt, senr. our chosen and establisher sergeant and chief military officer here."
Will and Estate of John Colby of Amesbury
"Know all men by these presents That I John Coleby off ye Towne off Amsbury in ye County off Norfolke NE being weake & infirme off body yett through Gods goodness off perfedt memory & undstanding Doe make this my last will & testamt as followeth: 1: Inprimis I commend my Sould into ye hands off X my Redeemr & my body to ye grave. decently to be buried att ye chardge off my Executrix whome I shall here after name & appoynt: In hopes off a joyfull resurrection. 2: I dispose off my worldly Goods as is hereaftr expressed: scil: My will is yt all my Just & due debts be duly payd & discharged by my Exccutrix: unto wch prupose, & not otherwise but only for ye payment off any Just & due debt off mine, & yt only only in such case off absolute necessity as yt ye debt cannot be otherwise dischardged & satisfied I doe Invest my Executrix with full powe to sell any part off ye land or estate in this present Instrument hereaftr by mee bequeathed unto my two sons or eldest daughtr. Alwayes provided yt itt be not done without ye advice off those whome I shall appoynt ovrseers off this my last will & testament: Whose advice also be her is to be had in ye disposall off any othr land or stock by way off sale & alienation in any case whatsoevr 3: Alsoe my will is yt in ye first mentioned case ye Damage done thereby unto any off my sayd children shall be born & sustained by every off them three proportionably to ye value off the severall legacies or protions by mee bequcathed vnto ym in this my last will & testament viz: yt child out off whose land or estate any such sale shall be made shall have his or her damage according to the formentioned ordr & proportion made vp out off ye land portion or estate off ye other twoe by such sale not damnified or less damnified: ye child damnified alsoe bearing his or her own poticulr proportion off ye loss or damage by such sale 4: Also I give & bequeath unto ffraunces Coleby my wife my now dwilling house & ye land orchard outhousen with all fences priviledges and appertiances & town rights thereunto belonging. As also one thired part off all the lands yt I now stand seized & possessed off during her life. 5 Also I give & bequeath unto John Coleby my eldest son to him & to the heirs off his body lawfully begotten for evr one halfe of a lott off meadow in ye towne off Salisbury commonly calle Groomes lott, seituate in a place commonly called the higglety pigleys laying betwixt the lotts off John Dikerson & William Boswell when he shall come to ye age off twenty one years. Att weh time iff my son john shall & will make oyr his right, title & interest unto his lott in ye childrens land commonly soe called in ye town off Amsbury: unto my Executrix then I doe moreovr give & bequeath unto him & his heirs as before sayd all yt land wch I purchased of the Town of Amsbury which iff my gd son shall refuse to doe my will is yt ye sd land purchased off ye Town shall be equally divided amongst all my children to |'be|| inherited by them & ye lawfull begotten heirs off their bodyes for evr. 6: My Will furthr is That my son John shall remaine with & helpe my wife his mother untill yt he come unto ye age off twenty one years 7 I give & bequeath unto Thomas Coleby my youngest sonn all my land in & adjoyning unto ye greatt plaine being two lott ye one purchased off Edwrd Gove more perticulary specified in the deed I had off him ye othr being a lott wch I had off my ffathr Coleby: & ye othr halfe off ye sd Gromes lott, every off which premises he is to be possesed ||of|| for an inheritance unto himselfe & ye heirs off his body lawfully begotten forevr aftr yt he shall come to ye age off twenty one years. 8: My will is yt iff any off my sons depart this life without an heir off their body lawfully begotten yt then the portions bequeathed to them shall be equally divided amongst all ye rest off my children then surviving 9: I give & bequeath unto Sarah Coleby my eldes daughtr my little pasture lying by ye Powow Rivr side, wch I purchased off my Brothr Samll Coleby to be immediately possessed by her for the Inheritance for herselfe & ye lawfull begotten heirs off her body for evr aftr my decease: As alsoe my now dwelling hous, land, orchard, & outhousen, with all priviledges & appertinances Thereunto belonging to herselfe & heirs as before aftr the decease off ffraunces my wife:

"10 My will is yt my wives thirds out of every parcell off land bequeathed unto my tow sonns & eldest daughtr shall be excepted to remanine firme unto her propr use & benefitt during her life 11: I give & bequeath unto my daughtrs Elizabeth & ffrauces Coleby five pounds apiece to be payd unto each off ym att the day off mariage or att ye age off twenty years iff they marry not before my son John Coleby: 12 I give & bequeath unto my daughtrs Mary & Hannah Coleby unto each off them five pounds apiece to be payd unto Them by my son Thomas Coleby when he my sayd son shall come unto ye age off twenty three years. 13 Also my will is that iff any off my daughtrs sheall depart This life without an heir off their bodies lawfully begotten then ye portion or legacie bequeathed by mee shall be equally divided amongst the rest off my daughtrs then surviving. 14: I give also & bequeath all the rest off my whole estate both moveable & immoveable, lands, chattells both personalll & reall unto ffraunces my wife: whome I make, constitute & appoynt sole executrix unto this my last will & testament. 15: ffinally I doe make &appoynt my trusty ffriends; My brothr Samuell Coleby oof haverhll & my Loving friend Thomas Barnerd junr off Amsbury ovrseers off this my last will & testamentt, to see & take care yt in every ptielr itt be duly pformed. And in confirmation off ye forwritten premisees to be the ptieulr contents off my last will & testament I the Sayd John Coleby have hereunto subscribed my hand & seale. Dated this twenty second day off January Anno Domini: one thousand six hundred seventy three (Seventy four) 22:1:1673-4:

"It is alsoe declared before sealing to be ye will off this Testatr John Coleby: yt his part off his ffather Colebyes estate belonging unto him from & by virtue off a Court ordr aftr the decease off his mother Susanna Whithredg shall be equally divided amongst all his daughtrs: as Witness his hand the day & year abovesayd & seale affixed."

John Colby (SEAL)
Witness: John (his H mark) Hoyt, senr., Thomas Wells.
Proved in Salisbury court Apr. 14 1674 by the witnesses.

Inventory of the estate of John Coleby of Amsbury, deceased 6: 12m: 1673-74, taken 2: 1m: 1673-74, by William Barnes and Thomas Barnerd, Sr. of Amesbury: eight sheep & a lanbe, £4.; twoe oxen at £5. pr. & four cowes at £3. pr., £22.; one two year old heifer, £1, 10s.; one yearling & a calfe, £1; five young swine, £1; ye dwelling house, outhousen, homestead & land by ye Powwow River, £30; a lott of land at Bugmore, £4; fourty acres of land in ye great plaine, £46; a parcell of land purchased of ye towne, £20; thirty five acre lott in ye woods, £20; lott in ye ox pasture, £5; a division of land in ye Lyons mouth, £5; a lot of meadow called Groomes lott, £20; a lot of meadow in ye lower higglety pigley, £20; beadstead, feather bed, bedding & curtaines, £8; trundle bedstead, flockbed & bedding thereto belonging, £3; twenty pound of wool, £1; his wearing cloathes, £1, 10s.; halfe a barrell of meat, £1, 10s.; and old chest, box & linnen therein & a bible, £2; his Armes, £2, 10s.; cart, sled, plow, yoke & tackling belonging, £3; flax, & a tenent saw, 16s.; axes, hows, sickles & a shave, 12s.; pott, pot hockes, tramell, kettle & two skillets, £2; frying pan & warming pan, 8s.; pewter, smothing Iron & a sieve, 12s.; trenchers, trayes, wooden platters, dishes & spoones, 10s; two spinning wheels, three payr of cards, 8s.; old tubs, barrels & payles &c, £1; a bill, £1, 18s.; total £234, 4s.
Attested Apr. 14, 1674 by Frances Coleby, the executrix.

Thomas Challis with Mary his wife acknowledged Sept. 3, 1696, the receipt from her brother Thomas Colby of Amesbury of the 5li. bequeathed to the said Mary by the will of her father, John Colby of Amesbury.
Thomas Challis, Mary (her M mark) Challis (SEAL)
Witness: Thomas Wells, William Challis.

William Osgood of Salisbury with Hannah Coolby his wife, acknowledged Sept. 1 1722, the receipt from her brother Thomas Collby, of the £5 bequeathed to the said Hannah in the will of her father John Coolby, formerly of Amesbury.
hannah (her X mark) Osgood, William Osgood. (SEAL)
Witness: Joseph Osgood, Apphiah Osgood.
Essex County Probate Files, Docket 5,919

Joseph Prichitt and Fraunces his wife acknowledged Dec. 12, 1687, the receipt from John Collby of Amesbury of the £5 bequeathed to the said Fraunces by the will of here father Joh Collby, Sr. of Amesbury.
Joseph Pricte (SEAL)
Witness: Thomas Wells, Thomas (his X mark) Hoyt, Jr.

Elisabeth Collby of Amesbury acknowledged May 18, 1689, the receipt from her brother John Colby, eldest son of John Colby, of the £5 bequeathed to her by the will of her father John Collby of Amesbury.

Elizebth (her X mark) Colby (SEAL)
Witness: John Hoyt, Sr., Mary Hoyt.
Attested Nov. 22, 1723 by the witnesses, John Hoyt and his wife Mary Hoyt before Thomas Noyes and Joseph Woodbridge, Jus. of the Peace.
Essex County Probate Files, Docket 5,921.

SOURCES: (1). John Hoyt of Salisbury, by David W. Hoyt, C. Benjamin Richardson, Boston, pub 1857; (2). "The Colby Family in Early America" by Frederick Lewis Weis, Caledonia, The Colonial Press, pub 1970; (3). Colby Clan ancester sheets, submitted by various members; (4). Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996, Family History Library, 35 North West Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah 84150; (5). Early Essex County Vital Records to 1850, Salisbury, Massachusetts. Listed as Colebey; (6). "The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury Massachusetts" by David W. Hoyt.

Children were: Sgt. John COLBY, Sarah COLBY, Elizabeth COLBY, Frances COLBY, Anthony COLBY (twin), Susannah COLBY (twin), Dea. Thomas COLBY, Mary COLBY, Hannah COLBY.



Sarah Colby-50485.


(Child) Colby187 was born about 1637 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). He died in 1637 at the age of 0 in Amesbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Name: LDS Ancestral File version G410.


Samuel Colby187 was born in 1638/9 in Boston, Massachusetts (Suffolk). He died on 5 July 1716 at the age of 77 in Amesbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Name: LDS Ancestral File version G410.
MARR: "Fifty Great Migration Colonist to New England & Their Origins," by
fJohn B. Threlfall, pg 125.
Death: LDS Ancestral File version G410.


Isaac Colby187 was born on 6 July 1640 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). He died on 13 July 1723 at the age of 83 in Amesbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Birth: Salisbury VR before 1850, LDS Library SLC. It also says he married
Martha Jewett.
MARR: "The Colby Family in Early America," by Frederick L. Weis, pg 9.


Rebecca Colby187 was born on 11 March 1643 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). She died on 10 June 1672 at the age of 29 in Haverhill, Massachusetts (Essex). Birth: Salisbury VR before 1850, LDS Library SLC.
MARR: Haverhill VR before 1850, LDS Library SLC.
Death: NEHG Register Vol 62, 1908 pg 185.


Mary Colby187 was born on 19 September 1647 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). She was buried in Amesbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Birth: "The Colby Family in Early America," by Frederick L. Weis, pg 10.


Thomas Colby187 was born on 8 March 1650 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). He died on 30 March 1691 at the age of 41 in Salisbury, Massachusetts (Essex). Birth: "The Colby Family in Early America," by Frederick L. Weis, pg 11.

Death: "Fifty Great Migration Colonist to New England & their Origins, " by John
b. Threlfall, pg 125.