248. Henry Hayward146 was born about 1745 in England.213 He died on 25 March 1808 at the age of 63 in Hopewell Parish, New Brunswick (Albert).213 "Hayward is an occupational name. The duty of a hayward, who was a manorial or parochial officer, was to protect the fences around common land enclosed for hay and to prevent cattle from breaking into enclosed fields and growing crops. As is demonstrated in the records of the New England family under consideration, Hayward often became Haward and Howard, and, although there are other derivations for Howard, many present-day Howards, even the Dukes of Norfolk, may descend from a medieval manorial hayward."
Henry Hayward was probably born in England, in 1742 or 1745, possibly to a William Hayward. The latter speculation comes from English naming traditions of naming the first son after the mother's father [hence, George Griffith Hayward] and the second son after the father of the father; William Hayward was second son of Henry. He may have been born or lived in Norfolk Co., England; his army regiment, known as the West Norfolk Regiment, recruited heavily in that county.
Henry Hayward was a foot solder in the British Army 54th Regiment of Foot, later known as the West Norfolk Regiment. He first appears on the regimental muster roll of Capt. George T. Ridsdale's Company, under Major General Mariscoe Frederick for the period 1 April 1770 - 30 June 1770. That report is dated 31 July 1770 at Granard (today, County Longford, Republic of Ireland). The original quarterly muster roll reports for the 54th are missing for the period Dec. 1767 through 31 March 1770; a check back through all reports from 26 Dec. 1766 to Dec. 1767 failed to locate him. As a result, we can only say that Pvt. Henry Hayward joined the 54th Regiment of Foot sometime between Dec. 1767 and 1 April 1770.
The movements of Henry Hayward's company of 54th Foot can be traced from the above period through his discharge 21 August 1783, shown in the report of 9 Oct. 1783 dated at Staten Island, NY, when he was a member of Capt. Carr Thomas Brackenbury's Company. Following is a listing of all regimental muster roll reports of the 54th on which Henry's name appears, read at the Public Record Office, Kew, July, 1997 [WO 12/6398 (1760-1777) & WO 12/6399 (1778-1798)]. The location of the regiment in Ireland during 1774 is consistent with the baptismal certificate I obtained for son George, baptized at St. Paul's, Dublin on 20 march 1774.
After his discharge in August, 1783 at Staten Island, NY, Henry likely stayed in New York for a short time, arranging transport to Canada along with other dischargees and Loyalists. He may have departed by November 25 of that year when the British made their main evacuation from New York. Son George, in a land grant petition of 1820, refers to his having living in Nova Scotia and "in this Province" (of Canada?) since 1783.
Henry was granted 500 acres of land at Windsor Road, Windsor Township, Hants Co., NS, but no record of the petition for a land grant has been located by me or other Hayward researchers. "Loyalists & Land Settlement in Nova Scotia," Marion Gilroy, 1937 and "Whereabouts of Some American Refugees, 1784-1800, The Nova Scotian Land Grants," Clifford Neal Smith, 1994 confirms Henry's grant of 500 acres in 1785 at Windsor Road, Hants Co., NS. He is also listed in the 1791 Poll Tax in Windsor Township, occupation: weaver. He lived there from at least 31 March 1784 to 1798-1800 when he moved to Hopewell Parish, Westmoreland, Co., NB. The cloth industry was prominent in Norfolk Co., England; perhaps Henry's occupation as weaver reflects his Norfolk heritage (?)
The first mention of Henry in New Brunswick (NB) records is the registration of a land deed in Hopewell/Shepody, Westmorland Co., NB in 1800. The area to which he moved had been settled by the Acadians and been cleared of forest, marshes diked, etc. It was also an area which had more land available for grants for all Henry's sons, as well as being close to markets, nearer the sea.
It is believed that Henry married at least three times and fathered children with each of his wives. His first wife was called "Catherine" on the baptismal certificate of her son George at Dublin, Ireland 20 March 1774. A deed signed by Henry and "Izzy" in Nova Scotia seems to indicate that either Catherine was known as Izzy/Isabella or, perhaps, that he'd married a second time (and twice later). In 1806, about 2 years before his death, he deeded one half of his farm to his eldest son, George G. He died 25 March 1808 in Hopewell Parish, Westmorland Co., NB. His will provides for his wife Nancy and all his children. He is buried on a knoll on what was his own land at Shepody Mount/Mountville in Hopewell. I have a photo of his tombstone; it is the only one on the site. It reads: "In Memory of Henry Hayward who Departed this Life March 25, 1808 in the 63 Year of his Age." Catherine/Isabella Griffith(s) and Henry Hayward were married in 1772/3 in prob. Ireland.213
249. Catherine/Isabella Griffith(s)146 was born about 1751 in Wales, Great Britain.290 She died on 17 January 1789 at the age of 38 in Newport Twp., Hants, Nova Scotia.212 Catherine (or Isabella) Griffith(s) was likely English or Irish. A Welch heritage is the family tradition of James Hayward's descendants. At this time, we have no knowledge of her birthplace. We know that she gave birth to her eldest son George in late 1773/early 1774 while living in Ireland where husband Henry was stationed with the British Army. Ireland, therefore, cannot be ruled out as a possible birthplace. Her name is shown as "Catharine" on son George's baptismal record 20 March 1774; Nova Scotia records indicate her name as Isabella or "Izzy," although it is also possible that the latter was a second wife. This possibility is strongly supported by the 8 year difference in age between the second and third surviving children. However, if wife Catherine did not travel to America with the army during the Revolution, this too would account for the gap in children's births.
Women did often accompany British regiments during their tours of duty. The following are some relevant notes from "The British Army in North America, 1775-1783," Robin May & G. A. Embleton, London, 1974:
-- "Written permission was needed from an officer for...private soldiers to marry...In barracks at home - though true barracks only date from the 1790s - husbands and wives were entitled to screened-off beds in barrack-rooms." (pg. 10)
--"Women, whether wives or 'wives,' acted as laundrymaids and sometimes as nurses on campaign. They and their children were fed from the public stores, and clothed as well. There was at least one near mutiny at Cork when a ship without women did not set out because the redcoats aboard threatened to desert unless the matter was put right. Sadly little is known of the ordinary women who went to America..." (pg. 18)
Catherine allegedly died in Brooklyn, NS, located about 10 kilometers SE of Windsor, NS, at the junction of Trunk highway #14 and Collector Hwy #215 in Hants Co. (5 km east of Provincial Hwy 01 off exit 5). There is a Brooklyn Riverview Cemetery; could she be buried there? She is more likely buried at the "Old Parish Burying Ground," Windsor, NS, per Eunice Franks nee Hayward, of Regina, Sask., Canada. There is another Hayward family tradition that she died in Brooklyn, NY, rather than Nova Scotia. This is indeed a possibility as her husband's regiment did serve in Brooklyn, NY during the Revolution and requires more research.